Breast Cysts

Breast cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can develop in the breast tissue. They are a common condition and are often found in women in their 30s and 40s, although they can occur at any age.

The exact cause of breast cysts is not known, but they are thought to be related to hormonal changes in the body. They may be more common in women who have gone through menopause, and may be affected by hormone replacement therapy or the use of birth control pills.

Breast cysts can vary in size and may feel like a soft, smooth lump that is moveable under the skin. They can be found in one or both breasts, and may be more noticeable before menstruation. In some cases, breast cysts may cause pain, tenderness, or swelling in the breast.

Breast cysts can be detected through imaging tests such as mammography, ultrasound, or MRI. A biopsy may be performed to confirm the diagnosis and rule out the possibility of cancer.

Treatment for breast cysts may not be necessary if they are small and not causing any symptoms. If they are causing pain or discomfort, a fine-needle aspiration may be performed to drain the fluid from the cyst. This procedure involves using a thin needle to withdraw the fluid from the cyst, which can relieve symptoms and also help confirm the diagnosis. In rare cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the cyst if it is large or causing significant discomfort.